4-H Science

All projects in this category require a 4-H Science Record Book.

Electric

Wood Science

Ecology & Natural Resources

Forestry

Geology

Energy

Weather

4-H ELECTRIC

Division 6021

  • Follow Kenton County 4H Record Book Policy-New Rules in 2017

  • Exhibits must be made based on the appropriate units in the 4-HCCS Electric Excitement project books.  Projects entered using Snap Circuits® kits will be disqualified.

  • 4-H'er may enter only one unit but may enter all classes within said unit.

  • All exhibits requiring bulbs must have the correct size.

  • Use of molded plug-ins is not prohibited but is discouraged.

  • Any electric project observed or judged to be unsafe or potentially harmful to the public or surrounds will be disqualified immediately.

  • Effective strain relief should be provided for all wire to terminal connections.  Knots, clamps, connectors, or staples are acceptable when use appropriately.

 

MAGIC OF ELECTRICITY
(4HCCS BU-06848) (All exhibits must be DC powered).

645 - Battery powered series and parallel circuits (Circuits must include both series and parallel, a simple switch and can be no                more than 9 volts).

646 - Homemade Galvanometer (Must be able to detect the presence of an electrical current)

647 - Electromagnetic Circuits (Must be a working electromagnet with a simple switch and can be no more than 9 volts).

648 - Simple homemade DC motor (Rotor must turn under its own power).

INVESTIGATING ELECTRICITY

(4HCCS BU-06849) (all exhibits must be DC powered)

649 - Battery powered series or parallel circuit (Circuit may be either series or parallel, must contain either a momentary and/or              three way switch, a circuit diagram with explanation and can be no more than 9 volts).

650 - Original design soldered circuit project (Circuit must contain an on/off switch, a motion or tilt activated switch, a light and              sound producing device and must be powered by 9 volts.  All connections in the circuit must soldered and a circuit diagram            with explanation must be included).

WIRED FOR POWER

(4HCCS BU-06850) (all exhibits must be AC powered and be able to be safely connected and disconnected from a standard 120 volt duplex outlet).

651 - Display of wire sizes and types with description and example of usage (display must contain at least 12 different examples)

652 - Simple household or farm use circuit (Circuit must contain one single pole switch controlling one electrical load device.                   Circuit should be mounted on a sturdy mounting surface and free standing.  Wiring should be done with Romex NM-B 12               gauge wire and clamped or stapled appropriately.  A circuit diagram with explanation must be included)

653 - Complex household or farm use circuit (Circuit must contain at least two three-way switches, and may also contain a four-             way switch, controlling one electrical load device.  The circuit must also contain a working duplex electrical outlet.  Circuit               should be mounted on a sturdy mounting surface and free standing.  Wiring should be done with Romex NM-B 12 gauge wire         and clamped or stapled appropriately.  A circuit diagram with explanation must be included)

654 - Table, desk, vanity or floor lamp (any purpose – any purpose – original design only. (Pop Can Lamp kits will be disqualified)

 

 

ENTERING ELECTRONICS

(4HCCS BU-06851) (exhibits may be either DC or AC powered.  AC powered exhibits must be able to be safely connected and disconnected from a standard 120 volt duplex outlet).

655 - Basic electronic circuits without solid-state components (from project book).

656 - Basic electronic circuits with solid-state components (from kit).

657 - Basic electronic circuits with solid-state components (original circuit design, must include circuit diagram and explanation).

GREEN ENERGY

658 - Wind or solar powered energy project (from kit).

659 - Wind or solar powered energy project (original design).

 

 

 

 

4-H WOOD SCIENCE

Division 6025

  • Follow Kenton County 4H Record Book Policy-New Rules in 2017

  • One exhibit per 4Her

  • Exhibits are limited to projects in the 4H Notebook Resource or 4HCCS (Cooperative Curriculum Service) Woodworking books

 

674 - Level I made from a kit.
Simple items which have pre-cut and pre-drilled parts and youth demonstrate knowledge of assembly, selection and use of fasteners (nails, screws and/or glue), sanding techniques, and appropriate finishes. (Examples could include, but not limited to: small bird house, non-hopper bird feeder, etc)  Item must demonstrate skill with fasteners, sanding and appropriate finish (no puzzles).

675 - Level I, NOT from kit.
Simple constructed wood item showing knowledge of hand tools, wood selection, and use of fasteners, (nails, screws and/or glue), sanding techniques and appropriate finishes. (Examples could include, but not limited to: napkin holder, letter holder, simple picture frame, wire wiggly, towel holder, serving tray, jewelry box, small flag holder, 4H book ends, airplane, hurricane lamp, trivet (pot holder), etc.)

676 - Level II made from kit. 
More elaborate items which require proper cutting, drilling and youth demonstrate knowledge of selection and skill in use of fasteners (nails, screws and/or glue), sanding techniques, and appropriate finishes. (Examples could include but not limited to: jewelry box, tool tray large bird house, pine wood cars, etc.)  Item must demonstrate skill with fasteners, sanding and appropriate finish (no puzzles).

677 - Level II, NOT from kit. 
More elaborate items that demonstrate a mastered skill with hand tools, basic knowledge of power hand tools, fastening options, appropriate surface preparations, and finish applications, (Examples could include but not limited to: puzzle, foot stool, revolving tie rack, 4H key holder, cutting board, book rack, serving dish shelf, saw horse, hopper type bird feeder, etc.)

678 - Level III, NOT from a kit.
Items showing a more advanced knowledge of power tools, expertise in cutting, fitting, surface preparation, attention to fastening details, and finish application, (Examples could include but not limited to: multi-purpose box, corner shelf, book shelf or laminated wood projects, garden bench, planting box, nail and tool box, shop tool rack & shelf, etc.)  Original designs are welcomed.  This exhibit is to be made up of two parts: 1) the item and 2) a folder containing photographic documentation of the steps taken in order to complete this exhibit.

679 - Level IV, NO kits. 
Exhibits with a "furniture" quality finish, showing an understanding of all woodworking techniques learned in previous levels.  Items must show a mastery of joint construction and use of special woods, and finishes. (Examples could include but not limited to: checker board, room divider, coffee table, end table, chest of drawers, gun rack or cabinet, etc.) Original designs are welcomed. This exhibit is to be made up of two parts: 1) the item and 2) a folder containing photographic documentation of the steps taken in order to complete this exhibit.

680 - Level IV, NO kits. 
Exhibits do not require a fine finish (painted finish allowable) because of practical use.  Items demonstrate knowledge of all woodworking techniques learned in previous levels.  Items must show a mastery of cutting, drilling, joint construction, use of special woods, and appropriate finishes.  (Examples could include but not limited to:  porch swing, chaise lounge, picnic table, lawn chair, large planters, etc.) This exhibit is to be made up of two parts: 1) the item and 2) a folder containing photographic documentation of the steps taken in order to complete this exhibit.

 

 

 

 

 

4-H ECOLOGY & NATURAL RESOURCES

Division 6026

ENTOMOLOGY

  • Follow Kenton County 4H Record Book Policy-New Rules in 2017

  • 1 exhibit per 4H'er.

  • 9" X 13" folding cardboard insect-collection boxes available through UK College of Agriculture, Department of Entomology, should be used.  Homemade or purchased wooden exhibit boxes may be used instead.  They must be approximately 18" X 24 " and not more that 3 1/2" thick with Plexiglas or glass covers and cellotex pinning bottoms (or plastazote or polyethylene pinning bottoms available from entomology supply stores such as Bioquip.com).  Boxes must be easily opened (for instance, if a screw is used to secure Plexiglas tops, use a thumbscrew fastener instead of a fastener that requires a tool).

  • Specimens are to be arranged so the box can be exhibited horizontally.  4H’ers may attach wires to the back of boxes to help make them easier to display.

  • Identification labels available from your County Extension Office must be used, or custom labels may be printed if they conform exactly to the font, font size, and font color of the official labels.  Labels should be printed onto white cardstock.  The exhibit  identification card should be placed on the front of the box (each box).  Instructions for pinning and labeling are included in your project literature.

  • One half of the specimens may be from the previous year’s collection or from anywhere in the United States; one half or more must be Kentucky insects collected since the last Kentucky State Fair.

  • For the first through fifth year projects, a display collection catalog must be in an envelope attached to the back of the display box.  Envelopes should be attached to permit their being opened easily to remove catalogue from them without moving the exhibit.

  • Most specimens in the display cases should be pinned, and the use of vials is discouraged.  If vials are used, they may account for no more than 2% of a collection.  Vials must be securely wired or pinned to the pinning bottoms.

  • The inclusion of non-insect specimens (spiders, e.g.) is encouraged, but because this is primarily an insect collection, and because non-insects do not preserve will on insect pins, points will be deducted if there are more than one specimen from each non-insect class.

  • See State Fair catalog (website) and/or 4H agent for other exhibit requirements

687A - First year project:

(Up to three 9" X 13" official cardboard boxes, ore up to two 18" X 24" wooden boxes with minimum of 25 insects, maximum 50 insects, from at least four orders. Identification beyond order not necessary. All specimens must have date and locality label.)

 

687B - First year project:

(Minimum of 25 insect photographs, maximum 50 photos, from at least four orders.  Identification beyond order not necessary.  All Photos must have rotation field) See State Fair catalog (website) for specifications for insect photography exhibits.

 

688 - Second year project:

(Up to three 9" X 13" official cardboard boxes, ore up to two 18" X 24" wooden boxes with minimum of eight orders and not less than 50 insects, nor more than 100 insects.) Half of the insects should be identified with a common name.

 

689 - Third year project:

(Up to three 9" X 13" official cardboard boxes, ore up to two 18" X 24" wooden boxes with a minimum of 10 orders and 100 insects, a maximum of 150 insects.)

 

690 - Fourth year project:

(Up to three 9" X 13" official cardboard boxes, ore up to two 18" X 24" wooden boxes with a minimum of 12 orders and 150 insects, no maximum). An additional box with an example of insect damage, the stage of the insect causing the damage and any other stage of the insect that helps identify the problem. Include information in the display that tells how the insect is controlled. Life cycle of two insects may be displayed if desired.

 

691 - Fifth year project:

(may be repeated for successive years of eligibility, but must be a different exhibit. No exhibit that has been judged in any previous State Fair may be entered.) Any type of display that pertains to experiences beyond those of the previous projects. Special collections of native and/or exotic butterflies, beetles to some other insect order; a study in-depth of one insect or small group of insects; a display of insect camouflage; a display of plastic embedded insects; a collection of insect larvae and nymphs are examples. Charts, photographs, models or any other visual aids may be used. 4-H'ers are encouraged to write a short (1 or 2 paragraphs) statement developing the theme of their fifth-year display.

HONEY

  • Follow Kenton County 4H Record Book Policy-New Rules in 2017

  • Honey will show better in oval, flat sided to square clear glass containers. 4Hers must use standard honey jars.  Wide-mouth mason jars or wide-mouth honey jars may be used. The jars and lids must be clean.  Fill jars to within 1/2 inch of top.  Two jars must be submitted for the following classes:

692 - Two one pound containers of white extracted honey

693 - Two one pound containers of light amber extracted honey

694 - Two one pound containers of amber extracted honey

695 - Two one pound containers of dark amber extracted honey

696 - Two wide-mouth quart jars of chunk honey, any color

 

 

 

 

4-H FORESTRY

Division 6027

  • Follow Kenton County 4H Record Book Policy-New Rules in 2017

  • 4H'er may enter only one unit (year), but may enter all classes within said unit.

  • Projects must be done as specified in: 4H Forestry Project Unit 1-Introducing Yourself to Trees" (4DF-01PA or most recent version)

  • Exhibitor must comply with numbers of specimens listed for each class.

 

FIRST YEAR

703 - Leaf Collection:

Collection of 10 leaves representing 10 forest trees found in Kentucky.  Mounting instructions found in activity #1 from above reference.

704 Leaf Print Collection:

Collect and print 10 leaves representing 10 forest trees found in Kentucky.  Instructions included in activity #3 from above reference.

SECOND YEAR

705 - Leaf Collection- 2ndYear:

Collection of 20 leaves representing 20 forest trees found in Kentucky and different from ones done by exhibitor in first year project.  Mounting instructions found in above reference, activity #1.

706 Educational Exhibit:

Develop a creative educational exhibit on some phase of forestry. The exhibit may utilize any visual technique. The total exhibit is not to exceed dimensions of 2'x2' or 4 square feet.

THIRD YEAR AND OVER

707 - Educational Exhibit:

Develop a creative educational exhibit on some phase of forestry. The exhibit may utilize any visual technique, The total exhibit is not to exceed dimensions of 3'x3', or 9 square feet.

708 Stem, Leaf, Fruit Display:

Collect and mount 5 stems, leaves, and fruit representing 5 forest trees found in Kentucky.  Closely follow instructions from above reference, activity #2, including 2'X3' exact size.

 

 

 

 

4-H GEOLOGY

Division 6028

  • Follow Kenton County 4H Record Book Policy-New Rules in 2017

  • One exhibit per 4H'er

  • Display boxes must be no less than 16” nor more than 20” vertically and not less than 22” nor more than 24” horizontally.

  • All boxes must have Plexiglas cover that can be easily removed for judging.

  • EACH exhibit must be secured with a lock.  Attach a key to the box with your name and county firmly attached to key.  Key will be returned to 4-H agent.  Keep another key in case State Fair key is misplaced.

  • Hinges and Locks:  Make flush or mount on sides or top of boxes so boxes will sit level.

  • Fabric:  If fabric is used, use a fabric glue to adhere entire piece of fabric to box.  Suggested fabrics are felt or velveteen. 

  • Rocks, minerals and fossils should be firmly attached to the box, and should be numbered to correspond with the number on the Geology Identification Labels

  • Boxes will be displayed on their side, not flat.  Therefore, larger specimens must be attached near the lower part of the box.

  • For each of the classes, specimens may consist of rocks, minerals, and/or fossils.  There is a separate label for each type of specimen, (three different labels).

  • Rock, Mineral, and Fossil identification labels and instructions are available in a Word or PDF format at the Kentucky Geological Survey website Web site (http://www.uky.edu/KGS/education/4H.htm). For each of the classes, specimens may consist of rocks, minerals, and and/or fossils. There is a separate label for rocks, minerals , and/ or fossils (three different labels) at the Kentucky Geological Survey Web site website. 

  • See State Fair catalog (website) and/or 4H agent for other exhibit requirements

 

715 - First year geology - a collection of 15 different specimens.

716 - Second year geology - a collection of 25 different specimens (up to 12 may be from previous project year) (no more than two boxes).

717 - Third year geology - a collection of 35 different specimens.(Up to 17 may be from previous year) (No more than 2 boxes)

 

718 - Fourth year geology - a collection of 50 different specimens.(Up to 25 may be used from previous year) (No more than 2 boxes)

 

719 - Special Collection - For fifth year or higher members: a creative, advanced display of member's choosing that depicts a geological process, theme, story or manufacturing process. Posters, notebooks and written narratives may be included.

 

 
 
 
 
 

4-H ENERGY (county only)

  • Follow Kenton County 4H Record Book Policy-New Rules in 2017

  • Jr. 4Hers will create a poster (using regular sized poster board) depicting the topic of Energy. Possible ideas include but are not limited to, the following: Types of Energy, Alternative Energy Sources, Conserving Energy, Energy Use in the Home, etc. On the back of the poster attach a one page, one-side only narrative explaining your poster and offering more detail about your topic. Attach these in a plastic sleeve.

  • Sr. 4Hers Same as Jr. Energy Category

 

 

 

 

4-H WEATHER (county only)

  • Follow Kenton County 4H Record Book Policy-New Rules in 2017

Weather Unit 1:

Using information provided in the project book build a solar collector. In a plastic sleeve attach a sheet with your data record as illustrated in the project book.

Weather Unit 2:

Using information in the project book as well as other sources, create a poster describing how to prepare for severe weather. Pick one type of severe weather for your poster. Use regular sized posterboard. Attach a one page, single-sided sheet giving more in-depth information about your poster's topic.

Weather Unit 3:

Using the information in the project book build a weather vane. Attach a one page, singled-sided sheet showing the daily wind direction at a particular time for one week. Or using the information in the project book build an anemometer. After calibrating this instrument determine daily wind speed at a consistent time for the period of a week.

Weather Unit 4:

Create an educational poster showing the variety of weather symbols that are used by weather forecasters. Include the weather symbols listed in the project book as well as a minimum of three other weather symbols. Prepare a one page, single-sided summary about what you have learned in the weather project and how you have applied this information in your daily life.